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 Volume 1, Issue 1, Jan 2013
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Volume 1, Issue 2, February 2013


International Journal of Advance Research in Humanities and Social Science (IJOARHS)
 
 

Development And Validation Of A Sexual Risk Behaviour Scale (SRBS) In NIGERIA[ ]


It remains a challenge till today that no standardized uniform sexual risk behaviour scale is available for use in Nigeria. This research developed, validated and established the psychometric properties of a self-report sexual risk behaviour scale (SRBS). The SRBS was derived from several sources and it consists of 6 items. Adult population of men and women (N=450) responded to the initial 19-item scale that was statistically reduced to 6-item scale. Factor analysis using principal component analysis was done for the 6-item sexual risk behaviour scale and revealed three components named casual sex, unprotected sex and alcohol-induced sex. For reliability, the 6-item SRBS demonstrated an internal consistency of alpha=.85 and for validity, the scale demonstrated strong associations with much longer previously validated scales of sexual compulsivity scale (r =.18, p<.01), condom use barriers (r =.19, p<.01), condom use negotiation (r =-.17, p<.01), depression (r =.23, p<.01), anxiety (r =.18, p<.01) and stress (r =.17, p<.01) respectively. We conclude that the sexual risk behaviour scale (SRBS) is internally consistent, stable, sensitive to change resulting from intervention and suitable for use or can be administered to low literacy populations.

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E-Governance In Bangladesh: An Empirical Study On Problems And Challenges[ ]


In the recent era, the application Information & Communication Technology (ICT) in the Government of Bangladesh has got a remarkable development, though it still is in its vestigial stage. Reforming public administration organizations and delivering an efficient and cost effective services are one of the staple concerns of Government, since Government has been observing the utmost development in ICT sector around the world for years. E-governance is the effective use of Information & Communication Technology (ICT) that tends to improve the system of governance. Itfs a network of organizations to include government, nonprofit, and private-sector entities that hopes to provide better services to the citizens. Lately Bangladesh has given high priority in applying e-Governance, as the country realizes it to be the only mean of scattering Information Technology to the common people. Developments in e-Governance will provide better opportunities to exploit the power of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in order to get the way of governance reactive, inexpensive, and all-embracing. To date, various technologies have been applied to support the unique characteristics of e-government, including electronic data interchange, interactive voice response, voice mail, email, web service delivery, virtual reality, and key public infrastructure. This paper will discuss about the basic problems and visual percepts of e-Governance in Bangladesh.

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Deciphering the issues and challenges related to Right to Education Act 2009: A critical study[ ]


The biggest question to the nationfs development is the quality of its human resource. The statistics of human resource quality is however disheartening as the level of illiteracy in India is still at its height with regional disparities varying like anything. At this point of time analysing the steps taken by government in handling the issue in form of the Right to Education Act 2009, seems to be vital because we need to realize how far we have achieved the set goals and what precisely hindered in this process. There has a buzz over the effectiveness of implication of the RTE act. Although RTE act as achieved a few goals in its due course, still it fail to create the stark impact it could have provided there was an overall level of participation from the government ,the people and the society. Since 2009, it has been 4 years and we are at a thorough retrospection of the RTE Act in terms of its pros and cons.

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Is Indian Democracy Alive And Kicking?[ ]


Into 62 years of long journey of the largest democracy of the world, India and we still retrospect how better it has performed to the expectation set by the makers of Indian constitution. gDemocracy is the government of the people, by the people, for the peopleh As 16th American president Abraham Lincoln quoted in appraisal of a political structure which derives its power and authority from the subjects of governance. A structure of governance different from imperial autocracy where people are made aware and responsible through equal participation and representation in the process of governance and development. Thus, this paper analyzes in true sense the essence of Indian Democracy and the status of development in India, even after 60 years of Independence.

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Socio-cultural And Economic Aspects Of Squatter Settlements (Katchi Abadis) Of Multan City (Pakistan)[ ]


This is mainly a fact-finding cum analytical study. Improper residence and the absence of basic facilities can effect the functioning of the individuals. Since the growth pattern of Katchi Abadis and their existing facilities is a social phenomenon and is directly linked with urban life, individual, institutional functioning and human behavior, therefore, it falls in the realm of the discipline of urban sociology. The urban issues related to shelter and settlements emerged right from the time of Independence of Pakistan, when a large number of immigrants came from various parts of India and settled in big cities. Moreover the constant flow of rustle migrants has been multiplying the ever-increasing urban population in Pakistan. Indeed the rate of growth of Katchi Abadis has been rapid in big cities like Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Rawalpindi and Faisalabad. The reason may be that the rate of development activities is higher in these cities, which attract more labors force from rural areas as compared to the small cities. This paper will analyze the social, economic, cultural and demographic causes of the establishment of shantytowns and Katchi Abadis as well as find out the social problems prevailing in the squatter settlements. Moreover, it will identify the life patterns of the residential of squatter settlements, their educational, health and recreational patterns and explore the beliefs, values, norms and perception about the life, of the squatter settlements.

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A Literature Review of Emotional Intelligence[ ]


This paper traces the evolution of emotional intelligence as a theory and goes on to give a literature review of the same. It discusses the different concepts and beliefs pertaining to emotion and cognition and how it culminated in the theory of emotional intelligence. It also discusses the three major models of emotional intelligence, their contribution to the theory and finally closes with a brief discussion on future improvement of the theory.

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Effect of Teaching English Through Language Games on Academic Achievement Of Rural Primary School Students[ ]


The fast growing accessibility and capability of emerging technologies have fashioned enormous possibilities of designing, developing and implementing innovative teaching methods in the classroom. The present experimental study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of teaching through language games on studentsf achievement in English. The sample of the study was 60 primary students studying class 8th from Tagore Model High School of Jalandhar district of Punjab by using simple random sampling technique. A pre-test and post-test equivalent group design was used to compare the achievement of the two groups. The collected data were statistically analyzed. The results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of Experimental group and the Control group. The performance of Experimental group was better on post-test scores that indicted that teaching through language games enhanced the achievement level of the students.

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