The Impact of the Emerging Climate Change Risks (IECCR) and its Adaptation strategy (AIECCR) denoted as: the IECCR & AIECCR strategy; the Smart Growth Principles; and the UK Town and Country Planning Association (TCPA) Key Climate Adaptation Principles are strategies which this paper intends to exhibit, and how they can be made use of to achieve a resilient and sustainable urban growth in Damaturu (Yobe State, Nigeria). The research adopted the categorisation made by the Climate Change Risks Observatory (CCRO) for assessing the IECCR on urban infrastructure, the economy and social well-being in the built environment. In addition, previous research on AIECCR has found a consensus among the built environment professionals of some variables with significant difference such as API1a, API3f, AEIb, AEIc and ASWIe after running series of tests using the SPSS statistical tool. The Smart growth principles and the UK TCPA Key Climate Adaptation Principles are well established principles that have been implemented all over the world and highly commendable. Similarly, the IECCR & AIECCR Strategy is a novel strategy that has not been implemented yet as a whole, however, it has been scientifically tested and found to be highly effective. If these three strategies are taken into consideration formally and implemented concurrently, they will positively change the practice of town and country planning at the study area. This is the first research that has brought together these three strategies together, which could bring about a resilient and sustainable urban growth for the town.
ASSESSMENT OF URBAN ENCROACHMENT DYNAMICS INTO PRECINCT SEMI-ARID FOREST RESERVES IN MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA USING GIS AND REMOTE SENSING P. F. Adeogun H. G. Sambo A. Usman O. A. Sotannde D. Collins
This study examined the integration of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (RS/GIS) for assessing urbanization on the forest reserves in Maiduguri, Borno State. The 1975, 1986, 1999 and 2015 Landsat TM satellite Remote Sensing data were used to identify and classify various Forest Reserves. A GIS database of land degradation categories within 40 years (1975-2015) was generated and analyzed with the aid of GIS analytical functions. These include area calculation, and image differencing. The results showed that population growth of communities around the forests impose a lot of pressure on the forest reserves which covered a total of 2827.01A/ha in 1975 which has now been reduced to paltry 42.05A/ha by 2015. The forest reserves around Maiduguri have suffered significantly and if the present trend of deforestation and urbanization continues; it is just a matter of time when the whole reserves would be reduced to a built up area. The study therefore, suggests that authority should gazette and make a strong policy in preserving the relict of the forest reserves from total decimation and illegal encroachment by the populace. It suggests the promotion of alternative energy sources apart from fire wood and charcoal in order to eliminate the pressure on the fragile forest lands.
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